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Glossary

Central North Island Forests Land Collective Settlement 2008: Central North Island Forests Land Collective Settlement 2008 The Deed of Settlement sets out a commercial and financial redress package to settle the historical claims of iwi relating to the licensed Crown forest land in the Central North Island.

Groups that represent hapū for the purposes of the RMA: Resource Management Act consultation section 35A of the Resource Management Act 1991 provides for groups that represent hapū for the purposes of the RMA to request that the Crown includes the required information for that hapū in the record which can be accessed by relevant local authorities (in this case via the Te Puni Kōkiri website, Te Kāhui Māngai)”.

Hapū: a sub-tribe; most iwi are comprised of two or more hapū, although a number of smaller iwi have marae but no hapū.

Note that Te Kāhui Māngai lists existing, active hapū and marae as advised by representative organisations identified on this website. Although we have made every attempt to capture all hapū and marae, there may be hapū and marae which are not included in this directory. Users should also note that this site is not intended to be a record of historical hapū and marae which are no longer active.

Institutional marae: these marae are specifically associated with a local school, polytechnic, university, church, branch of the armed forces, social service provider, or other institution.

Iwi: in the context of this site an iwi is a Māori tribe descended from a common named ancestor or ancestors, and is usually comprised of a number of hapū.

Iwi Aquaculture Organisation (IAO): Iwi Aquaculture Organisation under the Māori Commercial Aquaculture Claims Settlement Act 2004 an iwi aquaculture organisation is also a mandated iwi organisation under the Māori Fisheries Act 2004, authorised to act on behalf of its iwi in relation to aquaculture claims and aquaculture settlement assets.

Iwi authority: Resource Management Act consultation the authority which represents an iwi for the purposes of the Resource Management Act 1991 (RMA) and which is recognised by that iwi as having authority to do so. Note that the term “iwi authority” is defined in the RMA only for the purposes of that Act. This does not in itself specifically imply formal Crown recognition of that group as an iwi, nor formal recognition by the Crown of that “iwi authority” to act on behalf of that iwi.

Iwi population: iwi affiliations of respondents of Māori descent in the 2013 Census. For more information on Māori and iwi statistics visit Statistics New Zealand Tatauranga Aotearoa.

Iwi whānui: encompassing all iwi members. For the purposes of this site the term is used to differentiate from representative iwi organisations that are comprised of representatives appointed by distinct hapū or marae.

Kaitiakitanga: the exercise of guardianship. In relation to a resource, kaitiakitanga includes the ethic of stewardship based on the nature of the resource itself.

Local authority [local government]: local authorities comprise 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities. The iwi listed under each local authority on the Browse page are those that claim rohe interests within the local authority’s region or district.

Mana whenua: the exercise of traditional authority over an area of land [whenua]. In the context of Te Kāhui Māngai it is the area over which particular iwi and hapū claim historical and contemporary interests.

Mandate recognised by the Crown for Treaty of Waitangi settlement negotiations: Mandate recognised by the Crown for Treaty of Waitangi settlement negotiations the body has obtained a mandate specifically to negotiate a Treaty settlement with the Crown. In some cases it may be an existing body with other representative functions.

Mandated iwi organisation in the Māori Fisheries Act (MIO): Recognised iwi organisation in the Maori Fisheries Act 2004 when a recognised iwi organisation has met the governance criteria set out in the Māori Fisheries Act it is entitled to receive fisheries assets as the mandated iwi organisation for that iwi. There can be only one mandated iwi organisation per iwi.

Māori Commercial Aquaculture Claims Settlement Act 2004: the purpose of this Act is to provide a full and final settlement of Māori claims to commercial aquaculture on or after 21 September 1992; and provide for the allocation and management of aquaculture settlement assets.

Māori Fisheries Act 2004 (MFA): this act formalised the settlement between the Crown and iwi for commercial fisheries, including mechanisms for allocation of commercial fisheries assets to representative iwi organisations.

Marae: a traditional meeting place for whānau, hapū and iwi members usually characterised by a named wharenui [meeting house] and named wharekai [dining house]. Some marae are more commonly known by the name of their wharenui, which is usually named after a tupuna [ancestor].

Post-Treaty settlement governance entity: Post-Treaty settlement governance entity the representative organisation established after a Treaty settlement with the Crown that has the purpose of representing the iwi members and managing any assets resulting from the settlement.

Recognised iwi in the Māori Fisheries Act: Recognised iwi in the Maori Fisheries Act 2004. the Act identified a finite list of iwi for the purposes of allocation of fisheries assets; the list is comprehensive and means that all Māori can affiliate by whakapapa to at least one iwi.

Recognised iwi organisation in the Māori Fisheries Act (RIO): Recognised iwi organisation in the Maori Fisheries Act 2004. an organisation recognised by Te Ohu Kai Moana Trustee Limited under section 27 as representing a particular iwi but not to receive fisheries assets; each iwi can have only one recognised iwi organisation; see Schedule 4 of the Act for the full list.

Representative Māori Organisation in the Māori Fisheries Act 2004: Representative Maori Organisation in the Maori Fisheries Act 2004 Under section 29 of the Māori Fisheries Act 2004 a Representative Māori Organisation is entitled to participate in the procedures to appoint of remove a member or alternate member of Te Kawai Taumata as provided for in Schedule 8, and to appoint a member of any committee of representatives established under section 116 .

Representative Organisation: the organisation which holds a mandate to represent the specific kinship groups [hapū and iwi] identified on that web page.

Resource Management Act 1991 (RMA): the purpose of this Act is to promote the sustainable management of natural and physical resources.

Rohe: a tribal district; the area over which iwi and hapū claim mana whenua. Maps and text describing Iwi rohe are reproduced according to information provided by their Representative Organisations. The iwi rohe page also lists the local authorities into whose districts the iwi rohe extends.

Rohe boundaries: rohe have been indicated as provided by the representative organisations. There are many overlapping rohe but it is not the function of this site to try to demarcate a single line between iwi as that was often not the case historically. Note that once an Area of Interest has been agreed with the Crown, and is included in a Deed of Settlement, that map is used as the basis for drawing the map shown on the Rohe page.

SH: State Highway.

Taiwhenua: a term used by some iwi to define their representative districts based on hapū or marae groupings.

Takiwā: a tribal district more or less synonymous with "rohe". Some iwi have divided their rohe into several takiwā for purposes of representation.

Tangata whenua: in relation to a particular area, tangata whenua means the iwi, or hapū, that holds mana whenua over that area.

Territorial authority: the 67 territorial authorities comprise 13 city councils and 54 district councils. Five of these 67 councils, plus the Chatham Islands Council, are unitary authorities.

Tūhono: Tuhono authorised user organisation is an organisation established under the Electoral Act 1993 to collect specified electoral information in relation to any Maori elector, with the consent of that Māori elector, to be used to facilitate the establishment and maintenance of accurate and comprehensive registers of iwi affiliations.

Tūhono organisation: is an organisation authorised by the Electoral (Iwi Organisation and Other Māori Organisation) Regulations 2012 to have access to specified electoral information of consenting Māori electors collected by Tūhono.

Unitary authority: a unitary authority has both regional and local council responsibilities and functions.

Urban marae: non-traditional marae, not specifically associated with any particular hapū, although the mana whenua of the hapū / iwi at the marae site is often acknowledged. They often serve as meeting places for the wider community and may commonly also be called Community; Ngā Hau e Whā; Ngā Mātā Waka; or Pan-tribal marae.

Whānau: a family or extended family.

Wharenui: the meeting house on the marae; also may be known as whare tipuna, wharepuni, wharehui.